Monthly Surveillance Report - Jan 2008

Monday 23rd September 2019


Key notifiable disease trends

  • Campylobacter: 694 campylobacter cases were notified in January 2008 compared to 2045 cases notified in the same month of the previous year (Figure 1). The majority of the cases were reported from the Auckland region (257 cases, 37.0%). For the 12 month period ending 31 January 2008, Taranaki DHB recorded the highest annual incidence rate of 366.1 per 100 000 population (23 cases) compared to the national rate of 270.2 per 100 000 population. Overall, 33 cases were hospitalised. Among the cases for whom this information was recorded, 37.3% (38/102) had consumed food from a food premise, 33.6% (38/113) had contact with farm animals, 26.5% (22/83) had consumed untreated water, 18.8% (15/80) had consumed non-habitual water supply, 14.4% (13/90) hadrecreational water contact, 12.4% (11/89) had faecal contact, 11.2% (11/98) had contact with other symptomatic people, and 8.6% (13/151) were overseas during the incubation period.
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib):three Hib cases were notified in January 2008. The cases were reported from Bay of Plenty (2) and Capital and Coast (1) DHBs. Two cases were in the 1-4 years age group, while the other was in the 70+ years age group. The immunisation history was recorded for the two cases aged 1-4 years. One was immunised but the number of Hib-Hep B/Hib received was not recorded, the other was not immunised.
  • Hydatid disease: one case of hydatid disease still under investigation was notified in January 2008. The case was from Canterbury DHB.The case had been to Antarctica and South Africa during the incubation period.
  • Meningococcal disease: based on the earliest date available, 11 cases of meningococcal disease were notified during January 2008, 9 (81.8%) were laboratory-confirmed. In comparison, 11 cases were notified the previous month, December 2007, and eight cases were notified during the same month last year, January 2007. For the 12 month period ending 31 January 2008, Hawke’s Bay DHB recorded the highest incidence rate of 10.0 per 100 000 population (15 cases), followed by Tairawhiti (6.7 per 100 000, 3 cases), and Taranaki (4.8 per 100 000, 5 cases). The highest age-specific incidence rate was in infants aged less than one year (33.3 per 100 000 population, 19 cases), followed by those in the 1-4 years age group (14.6 per 100 000 population, 33 cases), and those in the 5-9 years age group (3.8 per 100 000 population, 11 cases).
  • Salmonellosis: 196 cases of salmonellosis were notified in January 2008 compared to 107 notified cases in the same month of the previous year (Figure 2). The highest numbers of cases were reported from Waikato (29), Bay of Plenty (28), and Canterbury DHBs (22). Thirteen cases were hospitalised. The serotype involved was identified for 190 of the cases. The dominant serotypes were: Salmonella Chester (34 cases), S. Infantis (18), S. Typhimurium phage type 160 (13), S. Saintpaul (11), and S. Typhimurium phage type 1 (11).
  • VTEC/STEC: 14 cases of VTEC/STEC were notified in January 2008 compared to seven notified cases in the same month of the previous year. The cases were reported from Canterbury (6), Waitemata, Counties Manukau, Nelson Marlborough (2 cases each), Capital and Coast and Otago (one case each) DHBs. Five cases were hospitalised. Two cases were aged less than seven years, while the remaining 12 cases were aged between 17-88 years. The serotype involved was identified for 13 cases, as VTEC O157. One case in the 1-4 years age group had haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS).
  • Yersiniosis: 66 cases of yersioniosis were notified in January 2008 compared to 46 notified cases in the same month of the previous year. The highest numbers of cases were reported from Canterbury (28) DHB. Nine cases were reported from the Auckland region and seven cases from the Wellington region. Seventeen cases were hospitalised. Twenty five cases were aged over 60 years and eight cases were aged less than five years. The species was identified for 45 cases. The dominant species was Yersinia enterocolitica Biotype 1a (24 cases) followed by Y. enterocolitica Biotype 4 (10).

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Report:

Monthly Surveillance Report - Jan 2008

Tables:

Monthly National Totals - Jan 2008

Monthly DHB Totals - Jan 2008

Monthly Rolling Totals - Jan 2008

 

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Monthly Surveillance Report - Jan 2008

Tables:

Monthly National Totals - Jan 2008

Monthly DHB Totals - Jan 2008

Monthly Rolling Totals - Jan 2008

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